11 Interesting Cardinal Bird Facts You Should Know


Male Cardinal Bird

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Female Cardinal Bird

Male cardinals have vibrant red feathers, while females are fawn-colored with red accents. Both equally adored.

Cardinals Have a Large Bird Range

Abundant in East, Midwest, and Southwest. Non-migratory. Found in various habitats. Thrive in towns and suburbs. Expanding northward.

Both Male and Female Cardinals Sing

Male cardinals primarily sing, but females also sing. Both sexes use songs to communicate and bond.

Cardinals Eat Seeds From Bird Feeders

Use a tube feeder with black oil sunflower or safflower seeds to attract cardinals quickly. They also feed on platforms or the ground.

Cardinals Are Early Nesters

Cardinals nest early in evergreens, having multiple broods each year. Their adaptability makes them vulnerable to predators.

Plant Dense Shrubs for the Ideal Cardinal Habitat

Thick cover like hedgerows and shrubby stands create ideal habitat for cardinals. Planting dense trees and shrubs like box elder and wild grapevine benefits nesting.

Why Are Male Cardinal Birds Red?

Male cardinals' bright red coloration is linked to their diet of carotenoid-rich fruits, enhancing their attractiveness to mates and indicating better territories, parental care, and nesting success.

Look for Rare Cardinal Birds in Other Colors

Xanthochroism can turn cardinals yellow, while leucism can result in white individuals and other unique color variations.

How Did the Cardinal Bird Get Its Name?

The source of the cardinal’s name may not be as obvious today, but in the 1600s and 1700s it was a well-known reference to the red garments worn by cardinals of the Catholic clergy.

How do they reproduce

Owning cardinals as pets was once legal due to their popularity for their color and sweet songs, but it is now prohibited by law.