Pay attention to your pet's ears - flattened ears may indicate fear or aggression, while perked-up ears show interest and curiosity.
A wagging tail doesn't always mean a happy dog - a stiff tail wag can indicate stress or tension.
A relaxed and loose body posture generally indicates a happy and comfortable pet, while tense and rigid body language may indicate fear or aggression.
Dogs often communicate through their body position and movement - a submissive dog may crouch down or roll over.
Cats communicate through their tail movements - a twitching tail may indicate excitement or irritation, while a puffed-up tail usually indicates fear or aggression.
Purring is a sign of contentment in cats, but can also indicate stress or pain in some situations.
Dogs may lick their lips when feeling anxious or stressed, while cats may groom themselves excessively in response to stress.
Direct eye contact can be seen as a threat in many animals, including dogs and cats.
Some pets may show signs of aggression when they feel threatened or cornered, such as growling or baring their teeth.
Understanding your pet's individual body language cues is crucial to building a strong bond and maintaining a safe and healthy relationship.